More from the work of Dieter Wolke and his team who research the effects of bullying.
They found that…
- children who are bullied in younger years are almost five times more likely to have difficult time with experiences like hearing voices -and others that get labelled “psychotic” – by age eighteen.
- being bullied even for short periods can lead to equally difficult experiences.
- those who have been bullied and also bully others are at ever increased likelihood.
Many people who have difficult experiences with the voices that they hear connect that difficulty with having been bullied as a child.
Bullied children more likely to hallucinate or hear voices
Children who are bullied at school are more likely to have heard voices, have seen hallucinations or be paranoid than those who were not, a study by the Universities of Warwick and Bristol have found.
Bullied children are nearly five times more likely to suffer a psychotic episode by the time they are 18, researchers have warned as they call for abuse to be stamped out in primary school.
Pupils who were tormented during their schooldays were far more likely to experience hallucinations, paranoia or have heard voices which can lead to more serious mental health problems in later life, a study found.
Researchers at the Universities of Warwick and Bristol said teachers must stop bullying in primary school because it is already too late by secondary school.
“We want to eradicate the myth that bullying at a young age could be viewed as a harmless rite of passage that everyone goes through,” said Professor Dieter Wolke of the University of Warwick.
“It casts a long shadow over a person’s life and can have serious consequences for mental health.”
Researchers found that children who were bullied over a number of years were up to four and a half times more likely to have suffered from psychotic experiences by the age of 18.
Pupils who only experienced bullying for brief periods were also at increased risk for psychotic experiences.
The study is the first to report the long term impact of being involved in bullying during childhood on mental problems in late adolescence or adulthood.
“These numbers show exactly how much childhood bullying can impact on psychosis in adult life,” added Professor Dieter Wolke.
“Interventions against bullying should start early, in primary school, to prevent long term serious effects on children’s mental health.
“This clearly isn’t something that can wait until secondary school to be resolved; the damage may already have been done.”
And this, from Dieter Wolke’s page at University of Warwick
Childhood bullying shown to increase likelihood of psychotic experiences in later life
New research has shown that being exposed to bullying during childhood will lead to an increased risk of psychotic experiences in adulthood, regardless of whether they are victims or perpetrators.
The study, published today in Psychological Medicine, assessed a cohort of UK children (ALSPAC) from birth to fully understand the extent of bullying on psychosis in later life – with some groups showing to be almost five times more likely to suffer from episodes at the age of 18.
The analysis, led by researchers from the University of Warwick, in association with colleagues at the University of Bristol, shows that victims, perpetrators and those who are both bullies and victims (bully-victims), are at an increased risk of developing psychotic experiences.